A maximum drawdown (MDD) is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period.
The metric is used to assess the relative riskiness of a strategy to another.
It focuses on capital preservation and funds with a lower MDD (keeping other factors constant) are better.
For eg : There are 2 funds
Fund A : Standard dev : 12.5%, Average returns : 15% & MDD = 25%
Fund B : Standard Dev : 12.5%, Average returns : 15% & MDD = 30%
Fund B should be chosen over fund A based on these metrics.